Polymer Cool Neck Bands


Beat the Heat!!!!

Special Notice:

When making cool ties for the Military, they are required to be 100% cotton fabric.

Cool Ties have become a very popular method of keeping cool during the summer heat.  Each cool tie is made with medium size polymer which is safe and non-toxic. Cool Ties work on the principal of evaporative cooling.  Once the polymer is hydrated, the fabric surface of the Cool Tie draws the moisture from the polymer to the fabric surface, which evaporates resulting in an effective body cooler.    In areas of high humidity where no wind is present use two or three Cool Ties, keeping one in a refrigerator or ice chest and as soon as the one being worn reaches body temperature, exchange it with the one in the cooler.   Wear the Cool Tie around the neck or head and it will bring great relief from the heat!

How to Make Cool Ties or Bandanas

Each pound of MEDIUM size polymer contains about 115 teaspoons of crystals, which will make at least 50 bandanas at 2 teaspoons per tie.

For MSDS click here

There are several ways to make Cool Ties.  Cotton fabric will work best, as it has superior wicking properties.  Let your imagination be your guide.  One method is to take an ordinary bandana and make a Cool Tie  by simply folding over the wide edge about an inch or an inch and a half and stitching the “hem” down to create a tube.   Complete the bandanas as with the following instructions for the ties:  

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Tape measure

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Serger/sewing machine

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4" strip of fabric 45" long (actual length will depend on personal preference)

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One Tablespoon of medium Watersorb polymer granules.  order page


  1. Cut one strip of fabric 4" wide from a fabric that is at least 45" wide.   If you want to have a bow to tie use a 60" wide fabric.
  2. Fold the fabric strip in half lengthwise (the piece should be 4" by 22 1/2").   Mark the fold.  This is the center back of the neck band.  Open up the fabric and measure and mark 7" on each side of the center back.

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Fold the fabric right sides together the width of the strip (the piece should now be 2" by 45".)  Using a 5/8" seam, stitch between the marks.  (There should be 14" stitched--7" on either side of center back.)

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  1. The tail ends may be rounded or slanted to give a more finished look.  Finish the edges and ends of the rest of the band by serging or turning and stitching.  Press.

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  1. Turn tube right side out and press. At one end of the tube, stitch to close, then double stitch for strength. At this point you should have one end of the tube open.

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5.      Carefully pour the polymer granules into the tube (1-3 teaspoons). Stitch the tube closed. Reinforce with another row of stitching.

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  1. To use the cool neck band, soak in   water for a 15-20 minutes (hot water speeds the hydration process).  As the polymer granules soak up the water "mush" them around so the polymer spreads out equally along the tube.  Tie around your neck for a "Cool Band."  


  • The polymer granules are used in gardening soil for water retention. (Use Watersorb Medium 1-3 tsp) Each pound of polymer has about 115 tsp.
  • The cool band can be refrigerated so it is more refreshing on a hot day.
  •  It can be soaked in cold water and used over and over.  
  • If too many polymer granules are used in the tube, the polymer will ooze through the fabric tube.  Generally two teaspoons is all that is needed.

 .... ·         Store in a zip lock bag in the refrigerator, or hang dry.   The polymer will rehydrate again using instructions in step 6.

Prepared by:  Joy Polk, Benton/Franklin Clothing and Textile Advisor, and Kay Hendrickson, Area Extension Agent, Washington State University Cooperative Extension.


Cooling Vest Instructions


 Martha Weiman  


1 Sewing Marker that disappears with water

2 yds. Of unbleached Muslin Permanent Press (100% cotton) Fabric 45-48” wide

1 Spool Matching Thread

1 Package Matching Bias Tape (the large quilt type makes a nice non-chaffing neck)

1 Funnel

1 – 10-12 inch piece of 1/2 inch PVC plastic pipe



Tape Measure

~1/2 lb. Medium Watersorb Crystals

1 ZIPLOC XL BAG (Bag will allow the user to soak the vest and transport it in a sealed plastic

   Bag to keep it moist and ready to use). 

1.     Pre-wash Muslin fabric to remove sizing. 

2.    Lay fabric flat and cut three pieces out 20 inches wide by 45-46 inches long.  (NOTE: Muslin tears fairly straight when cut and torn carefully.)

 3.    Piece two pieces of fabric together and pin or baste edges together to prevent slippage.

4.    Fold the piece of fabric in half lengthwise to find center and mark edges.

5.    Find the center of the folded edge widthwise and mark.  

6.    Mark outer edges approximately 1/2 inch from edges along all 4 edges of Piece #1. This will be your outer seam that is sewn later. 

7.    Mark fabric from side to side 1 3/4 inches apart starting from the bottom edges and working toward center. Stop about 1 1/2 to 2 inches from center folded  edge so you will have room to trim a neck hole later. Mark both sides of piece of fabric piece #1. Do not mark fabric.piece #2.

8.  Now, mark fabric piece #1 from top marks and bottom edges of each end of fabric piece #1. Measure over 2 to 2 1/2 inches from each 1/2 inch marks on each side. Then,  mark over 4 inches until you reach the other side. When finished, you should have a square grid pattern on each end of the center of fabric piece #1.  You should end up with about 11 rows of 4 inch pockets on each side of the center fold. 

9.  Mark corners into slightly rounded corners (I used my serving platter for the slight curve pattern). 

10.  Now, we are ready to start machine sewing. First, sew along the top mark of pockets near the center fold. (Center fold  will later become the neck hole area). Sew along each mark that goes side to side on each side of the center fold area.

11.  Next, sew one seam down the center of each ends of fabric starting at the top line and  going to bottom edges on each side of the neck fold. Don’t sew across the neck fold area.  

12.  Take your funnel and place it inside of PVC pipe. Pipe will help deliver crystals deep into each pocket so they don’t get in the way of stitching.

13.  Take a 1/4 TSP measuring spoon and measure crystals into each 4 inch pocket on either side of sewn center seam. Do Not fill the 2 to 2 1/2 inch pocket on each side.  Leave these empty. After filling a full row of 4 inch pockets from top to bottom and sew pockets shut.

 NOTE: Put lesser amount of crystals in the 4 inch pockets that have rounded corners marked across them.  Do one side and then the other. When you get to the outer edges, you may sew each one along lines.      

14.  After you finish filling and sewing pockets, you need to place the third piece of fabric next  to piece #2 and baste the edges of all three pieces of fabric.  You should still see the piece with the marked lines on one side and the third piece on the other.

15.  Sew all outer edges together following the 1/2 inch marks and along the curved corners.  Make sure crystals are shook away from the curved lines before sewing.  Cut curved  corners leaving a 1/2 inch border. 


16.  Locate center of the center fold neck section of vest and mark it. Measure seven inches on  either side of midline and mark. Mark on Piece #1 with other markings. These will later be turned inside and will disappear the first time garment is wet. 

17.  Cut along a line from the two 7 inch marks.  Using this hole, bring piece #3 through the hole to “turn” garment inside out.  Piece #2 and #3 should be showing on either side.  Press outer seam with your fingers and sew along it to make crisp edge. Do not press with iron.  You will need to sew across top seams near neck hole and down center seam to help hold the third piece of fabric to the others. I like to sew a “cross” on mine to remind them a Christian made this for them.

18.  On the neck/head opening, you may want to shape it in a scooped” neck line on front and back.  Then, all that remains is to fit, pin and sew on bias tape along the cut edges of the neck/head opening of vest.  After fitting the bias tape around the neck, pin or baste it in place.  Sew the edge of the tape to the garment.   

Attach a personal note and Cooling Vest Care Instructions to each vest.  Your vest will be used by our troops to be able to quickly treat them for heat related illnesses like “heat exhaustion” and the potentially deadly “heat Stroke”.


Soak in water for 15-20 minutes. Only soak 7-10 to use as headband. Warm water speeds hydration. Remove from water and pat dry so the polymer spreads out equally along the pockets. Please remember, never squeeze tightly, the polymer will "ooze" out via the material if you do. Can be refrigerated. Hydrated polymer has the capacity to hold heat/cold 2.84 times longer than pure water. When Cooling Vest starts to dry out, soak in water again. When the Cooling Vest warms up to body temp, submerge in cool water. Hand wash in mild dishwashing liquid then rinse clean. Let it soak overnight in clean water to let the polymer purge the impurities from it. You can keep the Cooling Vest fresher if you put about one tablespoon of rubbing alcohol into the hydration water. (Carry for use in Ziploc bag, but Do not store in Ziploc bag until completely dry or it will mildew).

More Cooling Vest instructions:

Helmet coolers from Jo Ann Sanderson

 Make them round.  The easiest way is to cut a 7” square
- two thicknesses thick and then lay a dessert plate (Corelle is the right size or
find a template that’s 7”).  Either trace and cut with scissors or cut (holding plate
firmly) with a rotary cutter.  You can also use a fabric circle cutter such as an Olfa. 

Seam around the edge just like for a Hug (1/2” or less) and leave an opening about
1-1/2” to 2?.  Turn right side out, no ironing necessary, fill with a very scant 1/2
teaspoon of crystals, then close by stitching on the outside to close the opening.
It’s not beautiful, but they work. 

Hydrate the first one and see if 1/2 teaspoon is too much or not enough, if
so.....adjust amount of crystals.  Better too few crystals as too many.....bouncy
helmets aren’t a good thing. 

These will also work under a ball cap if you cut them slightly smaller and use even
less crystals and if the ball cap has mesh for air circulation.  They are great for
farmers, lawn mowers, or anyone who works out in the heat of the day.  Just
experiment until you get it right.


For ready made cool ties go to:

Department of Defense article praising the Ship Support effort:

 Congratulations from Watersorb to all volunteers in the effort!!


History of Cool Ties

In 1988 Dan Wofford, Jr. wrote and distributed a brochure describing how to make cool ties.  In the early 1990’s the Cooperative Extension Service wrote and distributed a pattern and instructions for cool ties and many individuals started cottage businesses making cool ties and selling them at flea markets, trade shows and fairs.   A few years later several US  companies began making cool ties for sale over the internet and in hobby & craft stores. Wal-Mart started selling cool ties in 1994.and they have been sold on EBay since the inception of the internet marketing company. The Home Shopping Network and OVC have been selling cool ties for over 10 years!!

Intellectual Property Rights for Cool Ties 

Several individuals have claimed to have invented cool ties, and some have claimed various intellectual property rights including patents.  A search of the United States Patent and Trademark Office indicates there are NO currently valid trademarks for “Cool Tie” or “Cool Ties”.  Any claims otherwise are FALSE. A patent was issued for a cool tie in the late 1990’s, however this patent was issued almost ten years after Dan Wofford, Jr. and the US Cooperative Extension Agency published patterns and instructions regarding how to make cool ties and evaporative body coolers.  Therefore, this patent will NOT stand up in court and was a waste of time, effort and money by the patent holder.   


Feedback from one of the troops:

From An Airman in Iraq:

 E-mail message  

Date: Sat,
Apr 26, 2003, 6:28am (EDT+6) To:

Subject: RE: Thanks a million!
Just yesterday I received the cool ties! Of course they show up on the
hottest day up here yet. It was 105 degrees and a sand storm is in town
for 3-4 days. It was like blowing heat from an oven. Perfect timing just
as the hats the first night I received your package. We are expecting
the temps to continue to climb. The ties will be perfect. You and your
volunteers are very special people. All of us here are truly grateful for
you dedicated service to our great nation. Thanks again and again. I
expect to be here until July possibly August along with 19 other
Airman. Most of our guys have returned home but we are the stay behind
crew for stabilization and quick response. We have been very well taken
care of buy great Americans back home. Projects such as the Ships
project, schools, churches, families and friends. We love you all and
thanks for the continuing support.
Your friend,

7/15/2004 - SOUTHWEST ASIA -- Senior Airman Danielle Clark ties on a "neck cooler" as one way to beat the heat at her forward-deployed location. On some days, the temperature reaches 120 degrees. Users "charge" the neck coolers by soaking them in water. When wrapped around the neck, the water's evaporation helps cool the wearer's body. Each cooler contains gel that absorbs water and releases it slowly throughout the day. Airman Clark is a force-protection escort with the 379th Expeditionary Civil Engineer Squadron. She is deployed from the 354th Services Squadron at Eielson Air Force Base, Alaska. (U.S. Air Force photo by Staff Sgt. C. Todd Lopez)

From "The Air Force Link"

Click on the links below for other Cool Tie patterns and information on volunteer organizations making and sending items to the troops.

Knit, crochet, sew for our deployed troops:

Join our mailing list:

 An old soldier has gifts for today's troops -- and they're 'cool'

01:00 AM EDT on Wednesday, July 6, 2005


In an alcove by a sunny window in his apartment in Wakefield, Felix Pelletier is busy sewing. All around him, on the tables and on the walls, are mementos that connect him like a thread to the work at hand.

The machine beneath his fingers is buzzing and humming, the rhythmic sound of efficiency so persistent that the man who lives downstairs had to ask what was going on. When the neighbor found out, he said to Felix: "You can run that thing all night long if you want to."

Felix was just an ordinary kid growing up in Manville who, like so many boys of his time, left home to save the world. In November 1942, when he was 17, Felix headed to Camp Davis, in North Carolina, to get ready for his tour of duty.

He came of age in the Third Army, assigned to an antiaircraft unit in the 776 Battalion. Felix trudged across Europe, from the beaches of Normandy to the Battle of the Bulge in Belgium, and on to Germany. Every day he was away, Felix wrote to his sweetheart back home. And every day Lucille answered him, her letters tangible proof that somewhere out there on the other side of a dark and unsettled world was another life waiting for him.

On a snowy day in December 1945, his tour of duty complete, Felix arrived at Fort Devens, in Massachusetts, duffel bag in hand. There were no politicians to shake his hand, no crowds to welcome him, no marching bands, no victory speeches. Not that it would have mattered. All he noticed was a woman, the one who was standing there waiting for him.

After a week off, Felix and Lucille went back to build a life together. Felix worked as a third-shift weaver and eventually became a foreman at Pontiac Weaving, in Cumberland, which explains why he's so good with a sewing machine.

Sometimes when heading down a new path, it's best to slam old doors shut. As the years went by, Felix never talked about the war. "But he never got away from it," Lucille told me.

So, in 1994, when his daughter, Sue Daragan, suggested he return to Europe for the 50th anniversary of the Allied invasion, Felix hesitated. He eventually decided to go. But it wasn't easy.

"I couldn't take it," he told me. "It all started coming back."

The bloody waters at the beaches of Normandy. The best friend found lying on a street in Germany, stripped naked by a Nazi and left to die.

"Before the 50th, we never heard anything about it," said Sue, who lives in North Kingstown. "But now we've learned a lot of amazing things." Like about the time Felix was in a group assigned by Gen. George S. Patton to defend a town with their guns. Only one problem. They had no ammunition.

From his trips to Europe in 1994, 1995 and for the 60th anniversary last year, Felix has put together pieces of history and his part in it. On the wall, there's a map detailing troop movements during the war. In a case, there's a Victory medal. In frames are other ribbons and medals and an honorary diploma from the French government. In a scrapbook are postcards and photos, including a special one of Lucille, his bride of 59 years.

So when daughter Sue mentioned that the troops in Iraq needed more neck coolers, Felix set to work.

He begins with bolts of camouflage material fanned out on a table. He carefully measures and cuts each neck cooler, which resemble a tie except that it has four pockets. That's where he inserts the "magic crystals" -- a substance called "cross polyacrylamide," usually used for gardening. It will absorb and retain water for hours, providing much-needed relief when fastened around the neck of a soldier in the scorching desert that is Iraq.

For hours each day, Felix, who is 80, runs an efficient production line, stitching the inside seams, then turning the fabric right-side out with a tool he fashioned from a curtain rod, duct tape and wire hanger.

In the past several months, he's made 252 neck coolers for Operation Support Our Troops, and pinned a personalized note to each one.

"To a young soldier from an older one," it begins.

In an alcove by a sunny window in his apartment in Wakefield, Felix Pelletier is busy sewing. And, having just learned that 700 more neck coolers are needed, I wouldn't be surprised if he runs that machine all night long.

Rita Lussier can be reached at ReetsAL [at] or by mail c/o Features Department, The Providence Journal, 75 Fountain Street, Providence, RI 02902.
This article is presented by 
Sew News
For more information about Sew News magazine.


cooling gel neck scarf


Keep Your Cool!

Chill out on hot days with a simple, cooling neck scarf.


IMAGINE CHILLING OUT ON A SWELTERING SUMMER DAY with a cool moist cloth on the back of your neck. You can feel cool and look great wearing an attractive neck scarf filled with hidden water-soaked polymer crystals. The scarf is an easy, fast project made from readily available materials. Whip up several for guests at your next barbeque, or join a charity project and sew some for U.S. troops.

Nontoxic polyacrylamide granules, often called crystals, are concealed in the casing of a cotton neck scarf. When the scarf is soaked in water, the granules absorb the water, expand, and turn into a crystalline gel. The cotton fabric absorbs water from the gel, then the water evaporates for a cooling effect. Scarves stay cool and moist for hours due to the polyacrylamide's water-retaining properties.

The Elements

Finished cooling scarves measure approximately 1 1/2"x43" and will fit an average adult. For larger sizes, use the measurements in parentheses.
     You can make the scarf with lightweight, single-face tie ends or heartier, double-face ties. Single-face ties require hemming, but minimal turning. Double-face ties are narrower and require more turning but no hemming, and they conceal the fabric wrong side and the back of any embellishments. You can cut the tie ends into points or curves, or create a unique shape.
     Choose tightly woven 100% cotton fabric for its water-absorbing and cooling properties. Avoid loosely woven fabrics--the gel could seep through a loose weave. Scarves are worn wet, so select colorfast fabrics so the dyes won't bleed onto clothing or skin. Look for prints in popular motifs, such as red, white and blue for summer holidays, or sport themes for wearing to outdoor events.
     Choose medium-size crystals for best results. Granule size and water quality can impact how well the crystals absorb water. Water with a high mineral content can impede water absorption. Experiment to determine the optimal amount of crystals per scarf by making a sample casing.

To make the test sample, cut a 4"x15" (4"x17") piece of fabric. Fold the fabric in half lengthwise and stitch 1/2" from one short end and from the long cut edges. Pour a scant teaspoon of the crystals into the open end, fold down the open end 1/2" and pin.

Submerge the casing upright in a tall container of water for 15 to 30 minutes. The casing should be plump after soaking, but not oozing. Using too many crystals or soaking too long may force the crystal gel through the fabric, making the fabric feel slimy. Adjust the crystal amount as needed to fill, but not over fill the casing.


·  1/8 yard of 44/45" 100% cotton fabric, prewashed

·  Approximately 7/8 teaspoon of medium-size polyacrylamide crystals for an average scarf, or 1 1/8 teaspoons for a large scarf (see "Sources" at the end of this article).

·  Matching all-purpose thread

·  Air- or water-soluble marker

·  Ruler

·  French curve (optional for curved-end tie)

·  Bodkin or tube-turner

·  Point turner (optional for double-face construction)

tip: Polyacrylamide crystals are nontoxic, but they can create a fine dust. Ted Douglas, president of Watersorb/Polymers Inc., suggests wearing a dust mask when handling the crystals. For best results wear gloves and safety glasses, remove contact lenses, and wash hands after use. For further information, see the Material Safety Data Sheet on the Watersorb/Polymers Inc. Web site.


Cut a 4"x44" fabric strip for each scarf. Fold the strip in half widthwise matching the short ends. Snip-mark both long edges 7" (8") from the fold (1). The area between the snips will be the casing.

Snip-mark casing area

To create narrow-point tie ends (for single-face ties only), fold the strip in half lengthwise and mark each end 1/4" from the fold. Mark the long raw edges 12" from each end. Using the ruler, draw a line connecting the marks (2). Cut on the lines through both layers.

narrow-point scarf

To create curved- or angled-end ties, fold the strip in half lengthwise and mark the long raw edge 2" from the end. Using the French curve (for curved-end ties) or the ruler (for angled-end ties), draw a line from the cut edge at the fold to the 2" mark (3). Cut on the line through both layers. Repeat for the remaining scarf end.

Single-face Tie

Fold the strip in half lengthwise, right sides together and matching the snip marks. Using a medium-length stitch and 1/2" seam allowances, stitch between the marks to form the casing; clip the seam allowances at the marks to, but not through, the stitching (4). Press the seam open.

Stitch and clip casing.

Stitch a 1/4" double hem on the scarf ends, or roll-hem the ends on a serger or sewing machine. Turn the scarf right side out, center the casing seam and press.

Create the casing by stitching across the scarf at one end of the casing seam (5). Using a teaspoon, carefully pour the crystals into the casing open end. To protect your machine and contain spills, work over a bowl, away from your sewing machine.

Stitch across casing end.

Close the casing by stitching across the scarf at the opposite end of the casing seam, pushing the crystals to the far casing end out of the needle area.

Double-layer Tie Ends

Cut a 4"x44" fabric strip for each scarf. Embellish the tie ends, if desired. These tie ends will be a bit stiffer than the single-layer ties. Fold the strip in half lengthwise, right sides together, matching the casing marks. Using a medium straight stitch, sew a 1/2" seam along the raw edges, leaving a 3" opening outside of the casing area for turning and filling (6). Trim corners; turn and press.

Stitch, leaving 3

With the 3" opening at one end, stitch across the scarf 14 1/2" from the opposite scarf end (7).

Stitch across scarf to form casing end.

Holding the opening end of the scarf upright, use a teaspoon to pour the crystals into the casing. Stitch across the scarf 14 1/2" from the upper end to close the casing, pushing the crystals to the far end of the casing, away from the needle. Hand whipstitch, or machine edgestitch the opening closed (8).

Stitch to close casing and opening.

Be Cool!

Soak the casing or the entire scarf in cold or ice water for 15 to 30 minutes, or until the crystals turn to gel; avoid over-soaking. Distribute the gel along the casing with your fingers. Lay the scarf on a hand towel to absorb any dripping water, then tie the scarf loosely around your neck. To keep the casing cool while wearing, roll it to redistribute the gel or dip it in cold water for a few minutes.

Refrigerate extra cooling scarves for breezeless humid days. When one scarf reaches body temperature, swap it for a cool one.

Store wet scarves in an open plastic bag, hang them to dry, or store them in the refrigerator. After several days of drying, the crystals will return to solid form.

Hand-wash crystal-filled scarves using a few drops of liquid detergent. Rinse well and hang to dry. Don't machine-wash or dry. Press the casing only after the gel is completely crystalized. Shake the crystals to one end of the casing to press the opposite end. Then flip and repeat. Don't iron the crystals or expose them to iron temperatures.

What is it?

Polyacrylamide is a super-absorbent, nontoxic polymer that was developed in the 1960s to retain water in arid soil. Polyacrylamide holds up to 400 times its weight in water--one pound of polymer can hold up to 48 gallons of rain water! Different forms of polymer are widely used in many industries and in numerous products, such as disposable diapers, hot and cold compresses, toothpaste, cosmetics and flower arrangements.

Who needs 'em?

Join a charity project and make much-appreciated cooling scarves for U.S. troops in the Middle East. The Ships Project collects and sends cooling scarves and other handmade items monthly. Visit http://www.theshipsproject.comfor specifications and mailing information, or write to Ellen Harpin, Dept. SN, Box 564, Goldenrod, FL 32733-0564.

Cooling scarves are fast-moving, especially at outdoor fairs. Choose fabrics in popular colors and motifs. To speed assembly for mass production, use the single-face construction method and serge-finish all edges prior to sewing the casing. Package the scarves in a plastic bag with directions for wear and washing. Fill a cooler with ice water and prepare a few scarves for passersby to try.

Embellishing Try embellishing scarf ties with embroidery designs, names or monograms. Choose colorfast threads and small designs with light to medium stitch density. A finished single-face tie end will be approxi-mately 3" wide. A finished double-face tie end will be about 1 1/2"wide. Choose the embellishment placement and size accordingly.

Let the scarf tie inspire creativity. Echo the shape of the tie with trim or decorative machine stitching. Add beads, small appliqués or embroidery test samples on the tie ends.

Make the scarf ties of contrasting fabric, or piece the scarf tie for a patchwork look. Minimize piecing in the casing area, as gel may seep through the seams.

"Fasten" Accessories: Make a scarf "clip" from hair accessories, use a lapel pin, or slip the scarf ends through a ring or ribbon loop adorned with a button or charm to fasten the tie around your neck. Do not puncture the fabric in the gel area.

Polyacrylamide crystals are available under many brand names. Look for them in the garden section of home-improvement centers, discount department stores, nurseries, or in the candle, fragrance or flower areas in craft stores. Check packaging for granule size and to verify there are no additives. Expect approximately 115 teaspoons per pound of medium-size granules. For mail-order or Internet purchases, and for other project ideas:

Medium Granules from Watersorb/Polymers Inc.


Linda Vielhaber is an occupational therapist and the owner of Whitepaw Designs, a sewing company that designs patterns and sells hand-sewn gifts. She has been enchanted by sewing since age 5, when she awoke one morning and found handmade doll dresses on her bed. She lives in Sterling Heights, MI, with her husband and three dogs.


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